What is engineering?


Engineering is an application of science and math to solve problems. Students who had a mathematics group in the science stream would take admission in Engineering. Engineers figure out how things work and practical use for scientific rules.

The word ‘Engineering’ originates from the Latin term “Ingenerate”. Engineering is the professional art of applying scientific principles to everyday things to help make life easier.

India has the largest number of engineers as well as the largest number of engineering education institutes and infrastructure in the world. In 2021, India annually produces one million engineering graduates and has 3500 engineering colleges.


Engineers design, evaluate, develop, test, modify, install, inspect and maintain a wide variety of products and systems. They also recommend and specify materials and processes, supervise manufacturing and construction, conduct failure analysis, provide consulting services and teach engineering courses in colleges and universities. Engineering is divided into a large number of specific areas. etc.


(1) Mechanical engineering: Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of engineering. Physics and material science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the study of objects and systems in motion. Mechanical engineers are typically involved with the generation, distribution, and use of energy. Large industries have their own mechanical engineers. They give a good salary to mechanical engineers.

(2) Textile Engineering: Textile engineering is one of the good fields of engineering. In the textile field, fabrics are made by using high mechanics and sold in markets. There are many subfields in textile engineering. There are fewer universities that provide these courses.

(3) Robotics Engineering: Robotics is an automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to humans or a machine in the form of a human by using computer technology. Robotics is the future of automation and every car manufacturer uses robotics for more accuracy. Now engineers try to create a human robot that can do work as a human.

(4)  Electrical Engineering: Electrical Engineering is a field of engineering that deals with the study and application of electricity generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption of electrical energy for the benefit of mankind. Electrical Engineering includes design, development, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment like electrical motors, lightning, radar and navigation system, communication system, power generation, etc.

(5) Civil Engineering: Civil engineering is the oldest engineering. Civil Engineering deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of structures or public works as they are related to earth, water, or space.

(6) Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineering is closely allied to aeronautical engineering but includes the study and development of rockets, engines, satellites, and spacecraft. Aerospace engineering encompasses the testing of aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, and rockets.

(7)  Nuclear Engineering: Nuclear engineering, the field of engineering that deals with the science and application of nuclear and radiation processes. These processes include the release, control, and utilization of nuclear energy and generate electricity. Radiation and radioactive materials for application in research, industry, medicine, and national security. Nuclear engineering is based on physics and chemistry.

(8) Structural Engineering: Structure engineering is a field of engineering dealing with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist the load. The work of a structural engineer takes account mainly of safety, technical, economic, and environmental concerns. It is usually considered a specialty discipline within civil engineering, but it can also be studied in its own right.

(9) Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineers used to understand, modify, or control biological systems. It is also used for system analysis, physiologic modeling, simulation, and control.

(10) Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering which is concerned with how to make useful products using raw materials, chemically. Chemical engineering applies knowledge of chemistry in addition to other engineering disciplines. Chemical engineering also works with environmental, mechanical, electrical, packaging, etc.

(11) Computer Engineering: Computer engineers continually push the capability and applicability of computers in every industry and every facet of modern life. Computer engineers embed computers in other machines and systems, build networks to transfer data, and develop ways to make computers, faster, smaller, and more capable. Computer engineering involves Cybersecurity, Networking, Design automation, Machine intelligence, Computer software, Embedded Systems, etc.

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